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Материалы и форум » Сопутствующие области знаний » Лингвистика » Пособия по лингвистике
Пособия по лингвистике
АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:06 | Сообщение # 51
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Course in General Linguistics
Number of pages: 78

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 1,6 MB

First something called "grammar" was studied. This study, initiated by the Greeks and continued mainly by the French, was based on logic. It lacked a scientific approach and was detached from language itself. Its only aim was to give rules for distinguishing between correct and incorrect forms; it was a normative discipline, far removed from actual observation, and its scope was limited.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:06 | Сообщение # 52
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Linguistics: An Introduction
Author: Andrew Radford, Martin Atkinson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2009
Number of pages: 450

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 2,30
Written by a team based at one of the world's leading centres for linguistic teaching and research, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers a unified approach to language, viewed from a range of perspectives essential for students' understanding of the subject. Using clear explanations throughout, the book is divided into three main sections: sounds, words, and sentences. In each, the foundational concepts are introduced, along with their application to the fields of child language acquisition, psycholinguistics, language disorders, and sociolinguistics, giving the book a unique yet simple structure that helps students to engage with the subject more easily than other textbooks on the market. This edition includes a completely new section on sentence use, including an introduction and discussion of core areas of pragmatics and conversational analysis; new coverage of sociolinguistic topics, introducing communities of practice; a wealth of new exercise material and updated further reading.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:07 | Сообщение # 53
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Language and Thought
author: Noam Chomsky
pages: 93
publisher: MONOGRAPH THREE
Format / Quality: PDF
date: 1993
isbn: 1-55921.076-1
Size: 13 MB

As a linguist, Noam Chomsky aims not only at making a technical contribution with his generative theory of language but also at integrating his linguistic theory into a wider view of the relationship between language and the human mind. The crux of this view is his hypothesis that human beings are born with an innate knowledge of universal principles underlying the structure of human language.

Chomsky's ideas have exerted a powerful influence on other disciplines by restoring language to a central position in cognitive psychology and in the philosophy of mind. The wider impact of his redefinition of the subject gives him a permanent place in the intellectual history of the twentieth century.

Central to Chomsky's analysis is the distinction he draws between linguistic competence (knowledge of the system of rules that govern language) and an individual's actual performance as a user of language.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:07 | Сообщение # 54
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Современные германские языки (Modern Germanic Languages)
Author: В.П.Берков
Publisher: Астрель - АСТ
Date: 2001 (2-е издание)
ISBN 5-271-02932-8, 5-17-010576-2
Format: jpeg
Pages: 336
Size: 142.1 MB

Target languages: various
Source language: Russian
Цитата:
Учебное пособие для студентов языковых вузов и факультетов содержит научное описание 11 живых германских языков (общие сведения, краткая историческая справка, орфография, фонетика, грамматика, лексика, диалекты, территориальные особенности, текст-образец с глоссарием и пояснениями). Представленные языки: английский, фризский, немецкий, нидерландский, африкаанс, идиш, датский, шведский, норвежский, фарерский, исландский. Вторая часть книги содержит общие и специфические черты современных германских языков (фонетика, графика и орфография, грамматика, лексика, социолингвистическая типология).
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:08 | Сообщение # 55
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Principles of Linguistic Change, Social Factors (Language in Society) (Volume II)
Author: William Labov
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publication date: 2010-12-07
ISBN: 063117916X
Number of pages: 592

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 6,8 MB

Written by the world-renowned pioneer in the field of modern sociolinguistics, this volume examines the cognitive and cultural factors responsible for linguistic change, tracing the life history of these developments, from triggering events to driving forces and endpoints.

* Explores the major insights obtained by combining sociolinguistics with the results of dialect geography on a large scale
* Examines the cognitive and cultural influences responsible for linguistic change
* Demonstrates under what conditions dialects diverge from one another
* Establishes an essential distinction between transmission within the community and diffusion across communities
* Completes Labov’s seminal Principles of Linguistic Change trilogy
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:08 | Сообщение # 56
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English Around the World: An Introduction
Publisher :Cambridge Un-ity Press
Author: Edgar W. Schneider
Date : 2010
ISBN: 0521716586
pages: 278
format: PDF
size: 10,7 MB

The global spread of English has had widespread linguistic, social and cultural implications, affecting the lives of millions of people around the world. This textbook provides a lively and accessible introduction to world Englishes, describing varieties used in places as broad-ranging as America, Jamaica, Australia, Africa and Asia, and setting them within their historical and social contexts. Students are guided through the material with chapter previews and summaries, maps, timelines, lists of key terms, discussion questions and exercises, and a comprehensive glossary, helping them to understand, analyse and compare different varieties of English, and apply descriptive terminology. The book is accompanied by a useful web site, containing textual and audio examples of the varieties introduced in the text, and links to related sources of interest. Providing essential knowledge and skills for those embarking on the study of world Englishes, this is set to become the leading introduction to the subject.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:09 | Сообщение # 57
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Contemporary Applied Linguistics Vol.1: Language Teaching and Learning
Author: Vivian Cook
Publisher: Continuum
Publication date: 2009-08-23
ISBN: 0826496806
Number of pages: 288

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 2,1 MB

Written by internationally renowned academics, this volume provides a snapshot of the field of applied linguistics, and illustrates how linguistics is informing and engaging with neighbouring disciplines. The contributors present new research in the 'traditional' areas of applied linguistics, including multilingualism, language education, teacher-learner relationships, and assessment. It represents the best of current practice in applied linguistics, and will be invaluable to students and researchers looking for an overview of the field.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:09 | Сообщение # 58
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Contemporary Applied Linguistics Volume 2: Linguistics for the Real World
Publisher: Continuum
Publication date: 2011-05-13
ISBN: 1441169601
Number of pages: 264

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 2,7 MB

Written by internationally renowned academics, this volume provides a snapshot of the field of applied linguistics, and illustrates how linguistics is informing and engaging with neighbouring disciplines. Chapters in this second volume present an overview of new (and interdisciplinary) applications of linguistics to such diverse fields as economics, law, religion, tourism, media studies and health care. Both volumes represent the best of current practice in applied linguistics, and will be invaluable to students and researchers looking for an overview of the field.


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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:10 | Сообщение # 59
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Faux Pas: A No-nonsense Guide to Foreign Words and Phrases in Everyday Language
Author: P Gooden
Publisher: A&C Black
Publication date: 2005
Number of pages: 240

Format / Quality: PDF / excellent
Size: 1,6 MB

Цитата:
Winner of the HRH Duke of Edinburgh English Speaking Union English Language Book Award 2006. An award winning language book, this is a lively and engaging expose on the foreign words and phrases that populate our language.Each entry gives a translation of the expression, the language oforigin, pronunciation, an insightful comment on usage, plusilluminating examples from the press. A Pretentiousness Index will helpyou avoid committing the ultimate faux pas(!). If you have ever been bamboozled by the use of a foreign word orphrase, or simply want to spice up your vocabulary with some well chosen bons mots, then this is the book for you. Thousands of foreign terms have been absorbed into the English language from the everyday (kowtow) to the relatively obscure (auto-da-fe). Faux Pas? focuses on familiar terms and expressions as well as those that are new, curious or amusing.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:10 | Сообщение # 60
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Conceptualising 'Learning' in Applied Linguistics
Author: Paul Seedhouse, Steve Walsh, Chris Jenks
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date: 2010
ISBN: 978–0–230–23254–9
Number of pages: 306

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 2,17 MB

An exciting new collection by world-leading researchers in L2 learning addressing: Why do conceptions of 'learning' vary so much in L2 learning research? Is there a conceptualisation of 'learning' to which members of different schools of SLA can subscribe?
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:11 | Сообщение # 61
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Emotions in Multiple Languages
Authors : Jean-Marc Dewaele
Publisher : First Edition edition
Date: September 15, 2010
ISBN : 1403943168
Number of pages : 240 pages
File type : PDF
Size: 2 MB

Цитата:
This is the first large-scale investigation on how multilinguals feel about their languages and use them to communicate emotion. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches, Jean-Marc Dewaele looks at the factors that affect multilinguals' self-perceived competence, attitudes, communicative anxiety, language choice and code-switching when expressing feelings, anger and when swearing. Nearly 1,600 multilinguals from all over the world participated in the research. The results suggest that how and when a language was learned determines future use and communicative anxiety. Aspects such as present use of the language, the total number of languages known, and the level of emotional intelligence also play an important role. Interviews with participants reveal the importance of cultural factors and show how the slow process of acculturation in a new community is accompanied by gradual changes in language preferences to communicate emotions.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:11 | Сообщение # 62
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The Language of Thought
Author: Jerry A. Fodor
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 1980-01-22
ISBN: 0674510305
Number of pages: 224

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 10 MB

This is one of Fodor's greatest early works. He argues that our best psychology requires that we posit a "language of thought," which is central to his computational theory of mind. Through this book, Fodor deserves much credit in advancing the program of taking internal mental processes seriously. It is essential reading for many, but especially anyone interested philosophy of psychology.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:12 | Сообщение # 63
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Социальная лингвистика
Автор: Мечковская Н.Б.
Издательство: Аспект Пресс
Год: 1996
Формат: PDF
Размер: 12,83 Мб

Цитата:
В книге показано место языка в жизни человека и истории человечества — в смене общественных формаций, развитии культуры, религии, школы. Рассмотрены закономерности социальной эволюции языков, разнообразие языковых ситуаций на Земле, современные проблемы общения в многообразном мире.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:13 | Сообщение # 64
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Key Terms in Systemic Functional Linguistics
Author: Christian Matthiessen
Publisher: Continuum
Publication date: 2010-04-25
ISBN: 184706440X
Number of pages: 320
Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 1,4 MB

This title details the key terms, thinkers and texts in systemic functional linguistics. The field of Systemic Functional Linguistics is a social semiotic approach to language pioneered by M. A. K. Halliday, which has assumed a central importance in linguistics in recent years, anchored by a growing body of work. This book details the key terms, the key thinkers and the key texts in this field in an approachable, easy to understand and accessible manner. It is authored by leading names in the field and is aimed at undergraduates and postgraduates studying linguistics and language studies. "The Key Terms" series offers undergraduate students clear, concise and accessible introductions to core topics. Each book includes a comprehensive overview of the key terms, concepts, thinkers and texts in the area covered and ends with a guide to further resources.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:13 | Сообщение # 65
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Contrastive Analysis in Language: Identifying Linguistic Units of Comparison
Author: Dominique Willems
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date: 2004-04-03
ISBN: 1403917248
Number of pages: 220

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 1,2 MB


This is a book about comparison in linguistics in general, rather than "contrastive analysis" as a distinct branch of linguistics. It addresses the question "Does the analytical apparatus used by linguists allow comparisons to be made across languages?" Four major domains are considered in turn: derivational morphology, syntax, semantics & pragmatics, and discourse. Contributions cover a broad spectrum of linguistic disciplines, ranging from contrastive linguistics and linguistic typology to translation studies and historical linguistics.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:13 | Сообщение # 66
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Introducing Morphology (Cambridge Introductions to Language and Linguistics)
Author: Rochelle Lieber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2010
ISBN: 978-0521719797
Number of pages: 215
Language: English
Format / Quality: PDF/Excellent
Size: 13 MB unrar'ed

Morphology is the study of how words are put together. A lively introduction to the subject, this textbook is intended for undergraduates with relatively little background in linguistics. Providing data from a wide variety of languages, it includes hands-on activities such as 'challenge boxes', designed to encourage students to gather their own data and analyse it, work with data on websites, perform simple experiments, and discuss topics with each other. There is also an extensive introduction to the terms and concepts necessary for analysing words. Topics such as the mental lexicon, derivation, compounding, inflection, morphological typology, productivity, and the interface of morphology with syntax and phonology expose students to the whole scope of the field. Unlike other textbooks it anticipates the question 'Is it a real word?' and tackles it head on by looking at the distinction between dictionaries and the mental lexicon.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:14 | Сообщение # 67
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Mentoring in education: An international perspective
Author: Cedric Cullingford
Publisher: Ashgаte Рublishing
Publication date: 2006
ISBN: 978-0-7546-4577-1
Number of pages: 218
Format: PDF
Size: 1.4 Mb

Mentoring has become a hot topic in a number of professional spheres in recent years, but its most important and longest-established location is in education. However, this volume is the first wide-ranging academic critique of the concept and its application. Offering both a critical and a practical stance, the authors examine the historical and cultural aspects of mentoring and the motivations behind it. They also explore the effects on the individuals involved and on the system, and examine the different approaches to the idea and implementation of mentoring.

Drawing contributions from Europe, the USA and the Middle East, this work considers a wide range of empirical studies of mentoring from those countries that have invested in it, including case studies and analyses of current practice. The book makes a major contribution, not only on account of the international perspective it provides but also through analysis of cases in order to establish the difference between the much-vaunted theoretical advantages promoted by policy makers and the everyday realities and complexities that arise in a scheme entirely dependent on personal relationships.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:14 | Сообщение # 68
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Lexical Typologies
Author: Leonard Talmy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2007
ISBN: 0521588553
Number of pages: 188
Format / Quality: scanned PDF and DJVU
Size: 10.17 MB (PDF), 2.49 MB (Djvu)

This is a chapter from Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 3, Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon (ed. Timothy Shopen; Cambridge University Press, 1987).
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:15 | Сообщение # 69
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Adjunct Adverbials in English
Author: Hilde Hasselgård
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: March 31, 2010
ISBN: 9780194579247
Number of pages: 338
Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 1,5 MB

In this original study, Hilde Hasselgård discusses the use of adverbials in English, through examining examples found in everyday texts. Adverbials - clause elements that typically refer to circumstances of time, space, reason and manner - cover a range of meanings and can be placed at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a sentence. The description of the frequency of meaning types and discussion of the reasons for selecting positions show that the use of adverbials differs across text types. Adverbial usage is often linked to the general build-up of a text and part of its content and purpose. In using real texts, Hasselgård identifies a challenge for the classification of adjuncts, and also highlights that some adjuncts have uses that extend into the textual and interpersonal domains, obscuring the traditional divisions between adjuncts, disjuncts and conjuncts.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:15 | Сообщение # 70
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Hyperbole in English:
A Corpus-based Study of Exaggeration
Author: C Claridge
Publisher: Cambridge
Publication date: 2010
Number of pages: 316
Format / Quality: pdf
Size: 2,9 MB

Цитата:
Non-literal language is ubiquitous in everyday life, and while hyperbole is a major part of this, it has so far remained relatively unexplored. This volume provides the first investigation of hyperbole in English, drawing on data from genres such as spoken conversation, TV, newspapers, and literary works from Chaucer to Monty Python. Combining quantitative and qualitative analyses, it uses approaches from semantics, pragmatics, discourse analysis and classical rhetoric, to investigate in detail both speaker-centered and emotive aspects of hyperbole, and also addressee-related aspects, such as interpretation and interactional uptake. Illustrated with a range of diachronic case studies, hyperbole is also shown to be a main means of linguistic creativity, and an important contributor to language change. The book concludes with an exploration of the role of hyperbole in political speaking, humour, and literature. Original and in-depth, it will be invaluable to all those working on meaning, discourse, and historical linguistics.

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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 15:15 | Сообщение # 71
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Researching Vocabulary:
A Vocabulary Research Manual (Research and Practice in Applied Linguistics)
Author: Norbert Schmitt
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date: 2010-10-15
ISBN: 1403985359
Number of pages: 420
Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 2,5 MB

The book overviews a wide range of vocabulary research methodologies, and offers practical advice on how to carry out valid and reliable research on first and second language vocabulary. It includes a Resources section which outlines the lexical tests, corpora, software, internet sites, and other resources available to vocabulary researchers.
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АдминДата: Понедельник, 11.07.2011, 17:14 | Сообщение # 72
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Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology and Sound Change
Author: W Labov, S Ash, C Boberg
Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter
Publication date: 2005
Number of pages: 318

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 42 MB

The Atlas of North American English provides the first overall view of the pronunciation and vowel systems of the dialects of the U.S. and Canada. The Atlas re-defines the regional dialects of American English on the basis of sound changes active in the 1990s and draws new boundaries reflecting those changes. It is based on a telephone survey of 762 local speakers, representing all the urbanized areas of North America. It has been developed by Bill Labov, one of the leading sociolinguists of the world, together with his colleagues Sharon Ash and Charles Boberg.

The book contains:

- 23 chapters that re-define the geographic boundaries of North American dialects and trace the influence of gender, age, education, and city size on the progress of sound change;
- findings that show a dramatic and increasing divergence of English in North America;
- 139 four color maps that illustrate the regional distribution of phonological and phonetic variables across the North American continent;
- 120 four color vowel charts of individual speakers

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АдминДата: Среда, 13.07.2011, 17:09 | Сообщение # 73
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Modern English linguistics: A structural and transformational grammar
Author: John P Broderick
Publisher: Crowell
Publication date: 1975
ISBN: 0690000677
Number of pages: 260

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 20.4 Mb

Modern English Linguistics showed how transformational grammar developed out of American structuralist morphology and syntax. It then went on to describe English grammar in some detail using the so-called "extended standard theory" of transformational grammar described in Noam Chomsky's book, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Despite considerable changes in Chomsky's ideas in the 1980s and 1990s (as for example, government and binding theory), linguistics textbooks continued to be published well into the 1990s that were still based on the Aspects model.
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АдминДата: Среда, 13.07.2011, 17:28 | Сообщение # 74
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Anaphora: A Cross-linguistic Study
Author: Yan Huang
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: November 9, 2000
ISBN: 0198235291
Number of pages: 416

Format / Quality: PDF
Size: 10,38MB


Understanding any communication depends on the listener or reader recognizing that some words refer to what has already been said or written (his, its, he, there, etc.). This mode of reference, anaphora, involves complicated cognitive and syntactic processes, which people usually perform unerringly, but which present formidable problems for the linguist and cognitive scientist trying to explain precisely how comprehension is achieved.
Yan Huang provides an extensive and accessible overview of the major contemporary issues surrounding anaphora and gives a critical survey of the many and diverse contemporary approaches to it. He provides by far the fullest cross-linguistic account yet published: Dr Huang's survey and analysis are based on a rich collection of data drawn from around 450 of the world's languages.

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АдминДата: Суббота, 16.07.2011, 18:23 | Сообщение # 75
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Почему языки такие разные. Популярная лингвистика - Why so many different languages​​. Popular linguistics
Название: Почему языки такие разные. Популярная лингвистика
Автор: В. А. Плунгян
Издательство: Москва. "АСТ-Пресс Книга"
Год: 2010
Страниц: 272, с илл.
Формат: djvu
Размер: 1,96 mb
ISBN: 978-5-462-01073-6
Качество: хорошее
Язык: русский


Цитата:

Человеческий язык - величайший дар природы! Ему мы обязаны возможностью общаться, передавать свои мысли на расстоянии. Благодаря языку мы можем читать книги, написанные много веков назад, а значит, использовать знания, накопленные нашими предками, и сохранять наши знания для будущих поколений. Без языка не было бы человечества!
Сколько языков на земле, как они устроены; как и по каким законам изменяются; почему одни из них - родственные, а другие нет; чем именно отличается русский язык от английского и других языков, а китайский от японского; зачем глаголу наклонение и вид, а существительному падежи?
На эти и другие вопросы дает ответы современная лингвистика, с которой популярно и увлекательно знакомит читателя автор книги - Владимир Александрович Плунгян, известный лингвист, член-корреспондент РАН.

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Адрес ассоциации: fl-teaching@mail.ru
 
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